A regional physical development plan consists of the following
1. A technical report on the conditions, resources and facilities in the area;
2. A statement of policies and proposals with regard to the allocation of resources and the locations for development within the area;
3. A description and analysis of the conditions of development in the area necessary to explain and justify the statements of policies and proposals.
4. Maps and Plans showing the present and future land users and development in the area.
The local physical development plan consists of a survey of the area and maps and a description to indicate the manner in which the land may be used. In preparing the regional physical development plan, the Act specifies matters to be dealt with and these are
1. Population Growth, Projections, Distribution and Movement;
2. Land potential including the distribution of agricultural land, population and land imbalance, land tenure and other natural resource endowments
3. Employment and incomes including distribution, the labour force, the potential of the informal sector and their locations;
4. Human settlements including distribution of existing services, growth and pattern of urbanisation, causes and primacy of rural urban migration.
The second stage is to develop the policy which requires looking at alternative development patterns and strategies for human settlement including the development of service centre, transport and communication networks and rural development.
In a local physical development plan the purpose is to ensure orderly, coordinated, harmonious and progressive development of the area in order to ensure health, safety, amenity, convenience and the general welfare of the inhabitants. The Plan should classify the area for residential, commercial, industrial and other purposes. It should also determine the type and density of development in any particular locality as well as the conservation of the natural beauty of the area including lakes, rivers, hilltops, summits and valleys if they exist. The plan should also provide for routes, communication routes and the basis for the local authority to declare public streets.
The Plan is prepared by the Director of Physical Planning and within 30 days the Director shall notify the public in the Gazette of the existence of the draft plan and request representation or objections to be lodged within 60 days. Representations and objections which are lodged shall be considered by the Director who may take them into account or reject them. If rejected the aggrieved party may appeal to the liaison committee. After the 60 days the Director shall certify the Plan with or without amendments and submit it to the Minister for his approval. If the Minister approves the Plan, he shall publish it in the Gazette an approved Plan shall have full force and effect in its area and every person shall comply with it.
The Plan is the basis for development control and as we indicated development control is the system that ensures that development activities conform to the plan. At the heart of this system is the requirement for development permission. Section 30 provides that no person shall carryout developments without development permission granted by the local authority. It is an offence punishable by fine of a 100,000/- or imprisonment of upto 5 years to carry out development without permission.